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[In a liberal world] it makes no difference where the frontiers of a country are drawn... In such a world the people of every village or district could decide by plebiscite to which state they want to belong. Omnipotent Government p. 92 Borders
[Y]ou simply cannot argue with nationalists. The Germans are fully convinced that compulsion applied by them to other nations is fair and just, while compulsion applied to themselves is criminal. Omnipotent Government pp. 257-58 International Law
A nation, therefore, has no right to say to a province: You belong to me, I want to take you. A province consists of its inhabitants. If anybody has a right to be heard in this case it is these inhabitants. Boundary disputes should be settled by plebiscite. Omnipotent Government p. 90 Secession
A new type of superstition has got hold of peoples minds, the worship of the state. People demand the exercise of the methods of coercion and compulsion, of violence and threat. Woe to anybody who does not bend his knee to the fashionable idols! Omnipotent Government p. 11 State
A state without territory is an empty concept. A state without sovereignty is a contradiction in terms. Omnipotent Government p. 46 Sovereignty
Almost all the fathers of socialism were members of the upper middle class or of the professions. Omnipotent Government p. 118 Intellectuals
Both force and money are impotent against ideas. Omnipotent Government p. 210 Ideas
But what is needed for a satisfactory solution of the burning problem of international relations is neither a new office with more committees, secretaries, commissioners, reports, and regulations, nor a new body of armed executioners, but the radical overthrow of mentalities and domestic policies which must result in conflict. Omnipotent Government p. 6 War and Peace
Chauvinism has not begotten nationalism. Its chief function in the scheme of nationalist policies is to adorn the shows and festivals of nationalism. People overflow with joy and pride when the official speakers hail them as the elite of mankind and praise the immortal deeds of their ancestors and the invincibility of their armed forces. But when the words fade away and the celebration reaches its end, people return home and go to bed. They do not mount the battlehorse. Omnipotent Government p. 125 Chauvinism
Conceit and overvaluation of ones own nation are quite common. But it would be wrong to assume that hatred and contempt of foreigners are natural and innate qualities. Even soldiers fighting to kill their enemies do not hate the individual foe, if they happen to meet him apart from the battle. Omnipotent Government p. 124 Chauvinism
Corruption is an evil inherent in every government not controlled by a watchful public opinion. Omnipotent Government p. 206 Corruption
Democracy too is not divine. Omnipotent Government p. 47 Democracy
Every act of the government which can and must be done by administrative discretion with regard to the special merits of each case can be used for the achievement of the governments political aims. Omnipotent Government p. 83 Guns
Every nation, whether rich or poor, powerful or feeble, can at any hour once again adopt the gold standard. Omnipotent Government p. 252 Gold Standard
Every step which leads from capitalism toward planning is necessarily a step nearer to absolutism and dictatorship. Omnipotent Government p. 53 Interventionism
For all nations the necessity of being ready for defense will mean a heavy burden. Not only economic but moral and political conditions will be affected. Militarism will supplant democracy; civil liberties will vanish wherever military discipline must be supreme. Omnipotent Government p. 287 Military
Free trade begins at home. Omnipotent Government p. 237 Free Trade
Freedom, democracy, peace, and private property are deemed good because they are the best means for promoting human happiness and welfare. Liberalism wants to secure to man a life free from fear and want. That is all. Omnipotent Government p. 51 Classical Liberalism
From the political point of view it is no doubt dangerous that men are so easily stirred by bombastic talk. But the political actions of modern nationalism cannot be explained or excused by chauvinist intoxication. They are the outcome of cool though misguided reasoning. Omnipotent Government p. 125 Intellectuals
Governments become liberal only when forced to by the citizens. Omnipotent Government p. 58 Good Government
Historical knowledge is indispensable for those who want to build a better world. Omnipotent Government p. 14 History
History has witnessed the failure of many endeavors to impose peace by war, cooperation by coercion, unanimity by slaughtering dissidents. . . . A lasting order cannot be established by bayonets. Omnipotent Government pp. 67 War and Peace
Hitler and his clique conquered Germany by brutal violence, by murder and crime. But the doctrines of Nazism had got hold of the German mind long before then. Persuasion, not violence, had converted the immense majority of the nation to the tenets of militant nationalism. If Hitler had not succeeded in winning the race for dictatorship, somebody else would have won it. Omnipotent Government pp. 221-22 Nazism
If a man says socialism, or planning, he always has in view his own brand of socialism, his own plan. Thus planning does not in fact mean preparedness to cooperate peacefully. It means conflict. Omnipotent Government p. 243 Social Planning
If our community does not beget men who have the power to make sound social principles generally acceptable, civilization is lost, whatever the system of government may be. Omnipotent Government p. 119 Political Parties
If some peoples pretend that history or geography gives them the right to subjugate other races, nations, or peoples, there can be no peace. Omnipotent Government p. 15 War and Peace
If you want to abolish war, you must eliminate its causes. What is needed is to restrict government activities to the preservation of life, health, and private property, and thereby to safeguard the working of the market. Sovereignty must not be used for inflicting harm on anyone, whether citizen or foreigner. Omnipotent Government p. 138 War and Peace
Imagine a world order in which liberalism is supreme . . . there is private property in the means of production. The working of the market is not hampered by government interference. There are no trade barriers; men can live and work where they want. Omnipotent Government pp. 91-92 Classical Liberalism
In our age of international division of labor, free trade is the prerequisite for any amicable arrangement between nations. Omnipotent Government p. 6 Free Trade
In proportion as armaments increased the sales of munitions plants, they reduced the sales of all other industries. Omnipotent Government p. 133 Military
In the etatist state entrepreneurs are at the mercy of officialdom. Officials enjoy discretion to decide questions on which the existence of every firm depends. They are practically free to ruin any entrepreneur they want to. They had the power not only to silence these objectors but even to force them to contribute to the party funds of nationalism. Omnipotent Government p. 132 Regularity
In the eyes of the Marxians, Ricardo, Freud, Bergson, and Einstein are wrong because they are bourgeois; in the eyes of the Nazis they are wrong because they are Jews. Omnipotent Government p. 145 Marxism
In the long run there cannot be such a thing as moderate protectionism. If people regard imports as an injury, they will not stop anywhere on the way toward autarky. Why tolerate an evil if there seems to be a way to get rid of it? Omnipotent Government p. 250 Protectionism
In the realm of nature we cannot know anything about final causes, by reference to which events can be explained. But in the field of human actions there is the finality of acting men. Men make choices. They aim at certain ends and they apply means in order to attain the ends sought. Omnipotent Government p. 120 Natural Sciences
Individualism resulted in the fall of autocratic government, the establishment of democracy, the evolution of capitalism, technical improvements, and an unprecedented rise in standards of living. It substituted enlightenment for old superstitions, scientific methods of research for inveterate prejudices. Omnipotent Government p. 8 Individualism
Inflation is essentially antidemocratic. Omnipotent Government p. 252 Inflation
Interventionism begets economic nationalism. It thus kindles the antagonism resulting in war. An abandonment of economic nationalism is not feasible if nations cling to interference with business. Free trade in international relations requires domestic free trade. Omnipotent Government p. 66 Nationalism
It is in the nature of every application of violence that it tends toward a transgression of the limit within which it is tolerated and viewed as legitimate. Even the best discipline cannot always prevent police officers from striking harder than circumstances require, or prison wardens from inflicting brutalities on inmates. Omnipotent Government p. 156 Police Power
It is in the nature of the men handling the apparatus of compulsion and coercion to overrate its power to work, and to strive at subduing all spheres of human life to its immediate influence. Omnipotent Government p. 58 Government
It is not God. It is simply compulsion and coercion; it is the police power. Omnipotent Government p. 47 State
It is not true that the dangers to the maintenance of peace, democracy, freedom, and capitalism are a result of a revolt of the masses. They are an achievement of scholars and intellectuals, of sons of the well-to-do, of writers and artists pampered by the best society. Omnipotent Government p. 119 Classes
It is obvious that every constitutional system can be made to work satisfactorily when the rulers are equal to their task. The problem is to find the men fit for office. Omnipotent Government p. 120 Political Parties
It is the typical policy of aprs nous le deluge. Lord Keynes, the champion of this policy, says: In the long run we are all dead. But unfortunately nearly all of us outlive the short run. We are destined to spend decades paying for the easy money orgy of a few years. Omnipotent Government p. 252 Keynes, John Maynard
It is vain to fight totalitarianism by adopting totalitarian methods. Freedom can only be won by men unconditionally committed to the principles of freedom. The first requisite for a better social order is the return to unrestricted freedom of thought and speech. Omnipotent Government p. 14 Totalitarianism
It makes no difference where the frontiers of a country are drawn. Nobody has a special material interest in enlarging the territory of the state in which he lives; nobody suffers loss if a part of this area is separated from the state. It is also immaterial whether all parts of the states territory are in direct geographical connection, or whether they are separated by a piece of land belonging to another state. It is of no economic importance whether the country has a frontage on the ocean or not. In such a world the people of every village or district could decide by plebiscite to which state they wanted to belong. Omnipotent Government p. 92 Secession
It was not the first time in French history that the nationalists put their anti-Semitism above their French patriotism. In the Dreyfus Affair they fought vigorously in order to let a treacherous officer quietly evade punishment while an innocent Jew languished in prison. Omnipotent Government p. 190 Anti-Semitism
It would be a mistake to ascribe the ascendancy of modern nationalism to human wickedness. The nationalists are not innately aggressive men; they become aggressive through their conception of nationalism. They are confronted with conditions which were unknown to the champions of the old principle of self-determination. And their etatist prejudices prevent them from finding a solution for the problems they have to face other than that provided by aggressive nationalism. Omnipotent Government pp. 81-82 Nationalism
Laissez faire, laissez passer does not mean: let the evils last. On the contrary, it means: do not interfere with the operation of the market because such interference must necessarily restrict output and make people poorer. Omnipotent Government p. x Laissez Faire
Lenin was cynical enough to say that revolutions must be achieved with the catchwords of the day. And he achieved his own revolution by affirming publicly — against his better conviction — the catchwords that had taken hold of public opinion. Omnipotent Government p. 127 Lenin, Vladimir
Life consists in adjusting oneself to actual conditions and in taking account of things as they really are, not as one would wish them to be. Omnipotent Government p. 13 Reality
Mahatma Gandhi expresses a loathing for the devices of the petty West and of devilish capitalism. But he travels by railroad or by motor car and, when ill, goes for treatment to a hospital equipped with the most refined instruments of Western surgery. Omnipotent Government p. 102 Gandhi, Mahatma
Majorities are no less exposed to error and frustration than kings and dictators. That a fact is deemed true by the majority does not prove its truth. Omnipotent Government p. 47 Democracy
Man has been able to centuple his progeny and still provide for each individual a much better life than nature offered to his nonhuman ancestors some hundred thousand years ago. Omnipotent Government p. 121 Population
Man is born an asocial and antisocial being. The newborn child is a savage. Egoism is his nature. Only the experience of life and the teachings of his parents, his brothers, sisters, playmates, and later of other people force him to acknowledge the advantages of social cooperation and accordingly to change his behavior. Omnipotent Government p. 241 Civilization
Mankind has not reached the stage of ultimate technological perfection. There is ample room for further progress and for further improvement of the standards of living. The creative and inventive spirit subsists notwithstanding all assertions to the contrary. But it flourishes only where there is economic freedom. Omnipotent Government p. x Standard of Living
Many pioneers of these industrial changes, it is true, became rich. But they acquired their wealth by supplying the public with motor cars, airplanes, radio sets, refrigerators, moving and talking pictures, and variety of less spectacular but no less useful innovations. These new products were certainly not an achievement of offices and bureaucrats. Omnipotent Government pp. Ix-x Capitalism
Modern war is not a war of royal armies. It is a war of the peoples, a total war. It is a war of states which do not leave to their subjects any private sphere; they consider the whole population a part of the armed forces. Whoever does not fight must work for the support and equipment of the army. Army and people are one and the same. The citizens passionately participate in the war. For it is their state, their God, who fights. Omnipotent Government p. 104 War and Peace
Nazi economists wasted much time in searching the genealogical tree of Carl Menger for Jewish ancestors; they did not succeed. Omnipotent Government p. 147 Menger, Carl
Nazism conquered Germany because it never encountered any adequate intellectual resistance. Omnipotent Government p. 222 Nazism
No international authority can preserve peace if economic wars continue. In our age of international division of labor, free trade is the prerequisite for any amicable arrangement between nations. And free trade is impossible in a world of etatism. Omnipotent Government p. 6 International Law
No proletarian contributed anything to the construction of antiliberal teachings. At the root of the genealogical tree of modern socialism we meet the name of the depraved scion of one of the most eminent aristocratic families of royal France. Omnipotent Government p. 118 Classes
No ruler who lacks the gift of persuasion can stay in office long; it is the indispensable condition of government. It would be an idle illusion to assume that any government, no matter how good, could lastingly do without public consent. Omnipotent Government p. 119 Public Opinion
Nobody ever recommended a dictatorship aiming at ends other than those he himself approved. He who advocates dictatorship always advocates the unrestricted rule of his own will. Omnipotent Government p. 242 Dictatorship
Not every apparatus of compulsion and coercion is called a state. Only one which is powerful enough to maintain its existence, for some time at least, by its own force is commonly called a state. A gang of robbers, which because of the comparative weakness of its forces has no prospect of successfully resisting for any length of time the forces of another organization, is not entitled to be called a state. The state will either smash or tolerate a gang. In the first case the gang is not a state because its independence lasts for a short time only; in the second case it is not a state because it does not stand on its own might. Omnipotent Government p. 46 State
Nothing could by more mistaken than the now fashionable attempt to apply the methods and concepts of the natural sciences to the solution of social problems. Omnipotent Government p. 120 Natural Sciences
Nothing links men more closely together than a community of language, and nothing segregates them more effectively than a difference of language. Omnipotent Government p. 123 Language
Now the greatest accomplishment of reason is the discovery of the advantages of social cooperation, and its corollary, the division of labor. Omnipotent Government p. 121 Division of Labor
Only to bureaucrats can the idea occur that establishing new offices, promulgating new decrees, and increasing the number of government employees alone can be described as positive and beneficial measures. Omnipotent Government p. x Bureaucracy
Patriotism is the zeal for ones own nations welfare, flowering, and freedom. Omnipotent Government p. 2 Patriotism
People favor discrimination and privileges because they do not realize that they themselves are consumers and as such must foot the bill. In the case of protectionism, for example, they believe that only the foreigners against whom the import duties discriminate are hurt. It is true the foreigners are hurt, but not they alone: the consumers who must pay higher prices suffer with them. Omnipotent Government p. 183 Protectionism
Polylogism is not a philosophy or an epistemological theory. It is an attitude of narrow-minded fanatics, who cannot imagine that anybody could be more reasonable or more clever than they themselves. Nor is polylogism scientific. It is rather the replacement of reasoning and science by superstitions. It is the characteristic mentality of an age of chaos. Omnipotent Government p. 147 Logic
Protestantism is no more a safeguard of freedom than Catholicism. The ideal of liberalism is the complete separation of church and state, and tolerance--without any regard to differences among the churches. Omnipotent Government p. 30 Christianity
Rational and irrational always mean: reasonable or not from the point of view of the ends sought. There is no such thing as absolute rationality or irrationality. Omnipotent Government p. 113 Rational Action
Reason is the main resource of man in his struggle for survival. Omnipotent Government p. 121 Reason
Seen from the formalistic viewpoint of constitutional law, the United States and the Swiss Confederation may doubtless still be classified as federations, but in actual fact they are moving more and more toward centralization. Omnipotent Government p. 268 Federalism
Socialism and interventionism. Both have in common the goal of subordinating the individual unconditionally to the state. Omnipotent Government p. 44 Interventionism
Tacitus informs us that the German tribes of his day considered it clumsy and shameful to acquire with sweat what could be won by bloodshed. This is also the first moral principle of the Nazis. They despise individuals and nations eager to profit by serving other people; in their eyes robbery is the noblest way to make a living. Omnipotent Government p. 180 Nazism
The apparatus of compulsion and coercion is always operated by mortal men. Omnipotent Government p. 47 State
The characteristic feature of militarism is not the fact that a nation has a powerful army or navy. It is the paramount role assigned to the army within the political structure. Even in peacetime the army is supreme; it is the predominant factor in political life. The subjects must obey the government as soldiers must obey their superiors. Within a militarist community there is no freedom; there are only obedience and discipline. Omnipotent Government p. 35 Military
The closed-door policy is one of the root causes of our wars. Omnipotent Government p. 263 Immigration
The dangerous fact is that while government is hampered in endeavors to make a commodity cheaper by intervention, it certainly has the power to make it more expensive. Omnipotent Government p. 248 Price
The elite should be supreme by virtue of persuasion, not by the assistance of firing squads. Omnipotent Government p. 120 Classes
The enormous transfer of capital from Western Europe to the rest of the world was one of the outstanding events of the age of capitalism. It has developed natural resources in the remotest areas. It has raised the standard of living of peoples who from time immemorial had not achieved any improvement in their material conditions. Omnipotent Government p. 102 Foreign Capital
The essence of etatism is to take from one group in order to give to another. The more it can take the more it can give. It is to the interest of those whom the government wishes to favor that their state become as large as possible. Omnipotent Government p. 94 State
The essential teaching of liberalism is that social cooperation and the division of labor can be achieved only in a system of private ownership of the means of production, i.e., within a market society, or capitalism. All the other principles of liberalism — democracy, personal freedom of the individual, freedom of speech and of the press, religious tolerance, peace among the nations — are consequences of this basic postulate. They can be realized only within a society based on private property. Omnipotent Government p. 48 Private Property
The foreign critics condemn the Nazi system as capitalist. . . . But this is one charge against the Nazis that is unfounded. Omnipotent Government p. 225 Nazism
The four peace treaties of Versailles, Saint Germain, Trianon, and Sèvres together form the most clumsy diplomatic settlement ever carried out. They will be remembered as outstanding examples of political failure. Omnipotent Government p. 211 Treaty of Versailles
The further a nation goes on the road toward public control of business, the more it is forced to withdraw from the international division of labor. Omnipotent Government p. 281 Nationalism
The government embarked upon a vast scheme for restricting output, raising prices, and subsidizing the farmers. In interfering for the special benefit of the submarginal farmer it did so to the disadvantage of everyone consuming food and cotton and to the disadvantage of the taxpayer. Omnipotent Government p. 249 New Deal
The inflation had pauperized the middle classes. The victims joined Hitler. But they did not do so because they had suffered but because they believed that Nazism would relieve them. That a man suffers from bad digestion does not explain why he consults a quack. He consults the quack because he thinks that the man will cure him. If he had other opinions, he would consult a doctor. That there was economic distress in Germany does not account for Nazism's success. Omnipotent Government p. 219 Nazism
The initiative for the great colonial projects came not from finance and business but from the governments. Omnipotent Government p. 99 Colonialism
The main excellence of the liberal scheme of social, economic, and political organization is precisely this — that it makes the peaceful cooperation of nations possible. Omnipotent Government p. 91 Classical Liberalism
The main point in the propaganda of Nazism between 1919 and 1933 was: World Jewry and Western capitalism have caused your misery; we will fight these foes, thus rendering you more prosperous. Omnipotent Government p. 115 Nazism
The marvelous achievements of the British administration in India were overshadowed by the vain arrogance and stupid race pride of the white man. Omnipotent Government p. 98 Colonialism
The Marxians love of democratic institutions was a stratagem only, a pious fraud for the deception of the masses. Within a socialist community there is no room left for freedom. Omnipotent Government pp. 51-52 Marxism
The nationalists of all countries have succeeded in convincing their followers that only the policies they recommend are really advantageous to the well-being of the whole nation and of all its honest citizens. Omnipotent Government p. 115 Nationalism
The nations of Western Europe brought forth the political and institutional conditions for safeguarding saving and investment on a broader scale, and thus provided the entrepreneurs with the capital needed. Omnipotent Government p. 101 Western Civilization
The Nazis have an ally in every town or village where there is a man eager to get rid of a Jewish competitor. The secret weapon of Hitler is the anti-Jewish inclinations of many millions of shopkeepers and grocers, of doctors and lawyers, professors and writers. Omnipotent Government p. 192 Anti-Semitism
The only means to lasting peace is to remove the root causes of war. Omnipotent Government p. 6 War and Peace
The poems, plays, and other writings of Frederick Schiller are from beginning to end a hymn to liberty. Every word written by Schiller was a blow to the old political system of Germany; his works were fervently greeted by nearly all Germans who read books or frequented the theater. Omnipotent Government p. 19 Schiller, Frederick
The private life of a modern entrepreneur or executive differs much less from that of his employees than, centuries ago, the life of a feudal landlord differed from that of his serfs. Omnipotent Government p. 117 Rich and Poor
The Russian pattern of socialism is purely bureaucratic. All economic enterprises are departments of the government, like the administration of the army or the postal system. Every plant, shop, or farm stands in the same relation to the superior central organization as does a post office to the office of the postmaster general. Omnipotent Government p. 56 Russia
The salesman thanks the customer for patronizing his shop and asks him to come again. But the socialists say: Be grateful to Hitler, render thanks to Stalin; be nice and submissive, then the great man will be kind to you later too. Omnipotent Government p. 53 Capitalism vs. Socialism
The state is a human institution, not a superhuman being. He who says state means coercion and compulsion. He who says: There should be a law concerning this matter, means: The armed men of the government should force people to do what they do not want to do, or not to do what they like. He who says: This law should be better enforced, means: the police should force people to obey this law. He who says: The state is God, deifies arms and prisons. Omnipotent Government p. 47 State
The total complex of the rules according to which those at the helm employ compulsion and coercion is called law. Yet the characteristic feature of the state is not these rules, as such, but the application or threat of violence. Omnipotent Government p. 46 Law
The Treaty of Versailles was not unfair to Germany and it did not plunge the German people into misery. Omnipotent Government p. 211 Treaty of Versailles
The worship of the state is the worship of force. There is no more dangerous menace to civilization than a government of incompetent, corrupt, or vile men. The worst evils which mankind ever had to endure were inflicted by bad governments. Omnipotent Government p. 47 State
There can be neither effective political cooperation nor solidarity and collective security among nations fighting each other in the economic sphere. Omnipotent Government p. 265 Sanctions
There can be no freedom in art and literature where the government determines who shall create them. Omnipotent Government p. 52 Arts
There have always been men who voluntarily renounced many pleasures and satisfactions in order to do what they considered right and moral. Men have preferred martyrdom to the renunciation of what they believed to be true. They have chosen poverty and exile because they wanted to be free in the search for truth and wisdom. All that is noblest in the progress of civilization, welfare, and enlightenment has been the achievement of such men, who braved every danger and defied the tyranny of powerful kings and fanatical masses. Omnipotent Government p. 114 Martyrdom
There is but one remedy for lasting unemployment of great masses; the abandonment of the policy of raising wage rates by government decree or by the application or the threat of violence. Omnipotent Government p. 65 Unemployment
There was no secrecy about the ambitions of the Nazis. The Nazis themselves advertised them in innumerable books and pamphlets, and in every issue of their numerous newspapers and periodicals. Nobody can reproach the Nazis with having concocted their plots clandestinely. Omnipotent Government p. 12 Nazism
This is socialism in the outward guise of capitalism. Omnipotent Government p. 56 Nazism
True, governments can reduce the rate of interest in the short run. They can issue additional paper money. They can open the way to credit expansion by the banks. They can thus create an artificial boom and the appearance of prosperity. But such a boom is bound to collapse soon or late and to bring about a depression. Omnipotent Government p. 251 Business Cycles
Virtually all the Christian churches and sects have espoused the principles of socialism and interventionism. Omnipotent Government p. 120 Christianity
We can speak to each other only because we can appeal to something common to all of us, namely, the logical structure of reason. Omnipotent Government p. 143 Logic
We must see conditions as they really are, not as we want them to be. Omnipotent Government p. 259 Reality
Western Europe developed the system of obligatory public education. It came to Eastern Europe as an achievement of Western civilization. But in the linguistically mixed territories it turned into a dreadful weapon in the hands of governments. Omnipotent Government pp. 82-83 Education
Whoever wants lastingly to establish good government must start by trying to persuade his fellow citizens and offering them sound ideologies. . . . There is no hope left for a civilization when the masses favor harmful policies. Omnipotent Government p. 120 Good Government
Within a world of free trade and democracy there are no incentives for war and conquest. Omnipotent Government p. 3 War and Peace
Within the market society each serves all his fellow citizens and each is served by them. It is a system of mutual exchange of services and commodities, a mutual giving and receiving. Omnipotent Government p. 49 Market
Yet it is clear that both systems, the German and the Russian, must be considered from an economic point of view as socialist. Omnipotent Government p. 178 Nazism